Essex County Health Indicators by Race/Ethnicity, 2015-2017

Health Indicator Non-Hispanic Hispanic Total
White Black Asian/Pacific
Islander
Socio-Demographic Indicators
Population (2017) 34,839 1,058 318 1,158 37,511
Percentage of population (2017) 92.9% 2.8% 0.8% 3.1% 100.0%
Median annual household income in US dollars (2013-2017)~ 56,007 NA 50,956 33,750* 55,294
Percentage of families below poverty (2013-2017)~ 5.5% 75.0%* 23.1%* 0.0% 5.6%
General Health Indicators
Total mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 697.3 703.5* 467.1* 670.7 691.0
Percentage of premature deaths (< 75 years) 38.8% 50.0%* 100.0%* 54.5%* 39.2%
Years of potential life lost per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 5,355.2 1,348.4 8,816.3 2,968.1 5,114.8
Birth-Related Indicators
Number of births per year (3 year average) 282 2 4 4 295
Percentage of births with early (1st trimester) prenatal care 70.1% s s s 69.9%
Percentage of births with adequate prenatal care (APNCU)^ 79.5% s s s 79.2%
Percentage of premature births (< 37 weeks gestation - clinical estimate) 7.4% s s s 7.5%
Percentage of low birthweight births (< 2.5 kg) 7.1% s s s 7.1%
Teen pregnancies per 1,000 females aged under 18 years# 4.9 s s 0.0* 5.1
Pregnancies per 1,000 females aged 15-44 years# 59.7 48.9 33.1* 38.4 60.1
Fertility per 1,000 females aged 15-44 years 52.7 32.4* 45.6 36.4 52.3
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births 1.2* s s s 1.1*
Injury-Related Indicators
Motor vehicle-related mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 6.3* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 5.5*
Unintentional injury mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 33.4 0.0* 0.0* 13.8* 31.8
Unintentional injury hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 31.3 s 0.0* 0.0* 33.4
Poisoning hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 2.0 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 2.4
Fall hospitalizations per 10,000 population, aged 65+ years (2016-2017)++ 119.0 s 0.0* 0.0* 120.8
Suicide mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 14.1 0.0* 106.4* 22.6* 14.3
Respiratory Disease Indicators
Asthma hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 1.5 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 1.4
Asthma hospitalizations per 10,000 population, aged 0-17 years (2016-2017)++ s 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* s
Chronic lower respiratory disease mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 48.5 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 48.1
Chronic lower respiratory disease hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 18.9 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 19.0
Heart Disease and Stroke Indicators
Diseases of the heart mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 155.2 319.7* 0.0* 81.6* 154.5
Diseases of the heart hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 46.7 s 0.0* 0.0* 47.3
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 23.6 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 23.1
Cerebrovascular disease (stroke) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 10.2 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 10.7
Coronary heart disease mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 98.5 153.6* 0.0* 81.6* 98.5
Coronary heart disease hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 16.5 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 16.2
Congestive heart failure mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 16.3 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 15.8
Potentially preventable heart failure hospitalization rate per 10,000 population - Aged 18 years and older (2016-2017)++ 22.9 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 22.5
Diabetes Indicators
Diabetes mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted 20.1 166.1* 0.0* 0.0* 20.2
Diabetes (primary diagnosis) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 7.4 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 7.5
Diabetes (any diagnosis) hospitalizations per 10,000 population, age-adjusted (2016-2017)++ 99.8 s s s 104.7
Potentially preventable diabetes short-term complications hospitalization rate per 10,000 population - Aged 18+ Years (2016-2017)++ s 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* s
Cancer Indicators
Lung cancer incidence per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2014-2016) 73.5 0.0* s 0.0* 72.5
Colorectal cancer mortality per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2014-2016) 16.6 0.0* 0.0* s 17.6
Colorectal cancer incidence per 100,000 population, age-adjusted (2014-2016) 38.2 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 36.8
Female breast cancer mortality per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2014-2016) 15.1 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 14.8
Female late stage breast cancer incidence per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2014-2016) 34.5 0.0* 0.0* s 36.3
Cervix uteri cancer mortality per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2014-2016) 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0* 0.0*
Cervical cancer incidence per 100,000 female population, age-adjusted (2014-2016) s 0.0* s 0.0* 10.3*
Key
Symbol Meaning
* The rate or percentage is unstable. See the "About" page
s Data are suppressed. The data do not meet the criteria for confidentiality
++ In 2015, SPARCS transitioned from ICD-9-CM to ICD-10-CM diagnosis codes. These two are not comparable, so data for 2016-and-forward should not be compared with earlier data.
~ White non-Hispanic, Black (including Hispanic), Asian (including Hispanic, excluding Pacific Islanders), and Hispanic
# Essex and Hamilton County data are combined for confidentiality
NA Data do not meet the criteria for statistical reliability or data quality, or data not available
^ APNCU: Adequacy of Prenatal Care Utilization Index