New York State (NYS) Opioid Use Disorder (OUD) in Pregnancy & Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome (NAS) Project


Since 2010, the rate of opioid overdose deaths for females of reproductive age, 18 to 44 years old, has tripled in NYS, from 4.2 per 100,000, to 12.7 per 100,000 in 2016.1 Further, the rate of newborns with neonatal withdrawal symptoms and/or affected by maternal use of drugs of addiction was 9.6 cases per 1,000 live births in 2018.2 In response, the New York State Department of Health's New York State Perinatal Quality Collaborative (NYSPQC) led the NYS OUD in Pregnancy & NAS Project. The project's goal was to improve care for both birthing persons with OUD and infants with NAS. The project's pilot phase began in September 2018 with 14 participating birthing hospitals. In October 2020, following the success of the pilot phase, the project was expanded to include an additional 25 NYS birthing hospitals.

Pilot Project Results

  • During the pilot phase of the NYS OUD in Pregnancy & NAS Project, between September 2018 and November 2020, the percentage of participating birthing hospitals with:
    • A universal screening protocol for OUD increased by 238% from 21% in place to 71% in place; and
    • A protocol or process flow to assess and link pregnant people with OUD to support services increased by 119%, from 36% in place to 79% in place.
    • By the end of the pilot phase, all hospitals put in place standardized pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic guidelines for newborns with opioid exposure.

Opioid Use Disorder in Pregnancy

NYSPQC Resources

Other Resources

  • ACOG District II: OUD in Pregnancy Resources | ACOG
  • NYS Authorized Syringe Exchange Programs Site Locations & Hours of Operations
  • NYSDOH Drug User Health Hub Contacts (for Referrals)
  • NYSDOH AIDS Institute Recommendations for Improving Language and Establishing Stigma-Free, Supporting, Service Delivery Environments

Webinar Resources

Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome